Roofing materials are the outermost layers on the roof of a building or home. Generally, the roof is meant to provide a block from the natural elements. The material used on the roof relies mostly on the nature of the building, the local climate/environment and the availability of the roofing materials.
If you live in New England, chances are that your roof is made out of shingles or slate. However, many home roofing companies now offer a variety of roofing options for your home.
What Are Shingles?
"Shingles" is a generic term for a roofing material that is many overlapping sections of roofing materials. They can be curved or flat, and vary in cost, weight, durability, color and style.
Types of Shingles
Asphalt: There are two types of asphalt shingles: organic and fiberglass. Usually organic shingles are waste paper saturated with asphalt to make it waterproof, then coated with adhesive asphalt and ceramic granules. Fiberglass shingles were created as a replacement for asbestos paper reinforcement of roofing shingles.
Slate: Slate is an expensive roofing material, generally used on older Victorian-era New England homes. Slate shingles can be costly, but are durable and can last for hundreds of years.
Ceramic Tile: Interlocking ceramic tile can create a beautiful roof that can last for 100 years plus. The ceramic tiles need a strong support structure, as they are a heavy roofing material. Tile shingles are also the most expensive to purchase and install.
Metal: Metal shingles are long-lasting and durable. They can be made to replicate the look of other roofing materials, like slate or wood. This type of roofing material is appropriate for homes with flat or steep rooflines.
Even Roofs Have Enemies-- The sun, rain, snow and ice, condensation, moss and algae, trees and leaves, and many other variables can negatively affect the health of your roof. The average roof is said to have a lifespan of 20 years but due to these conditions, sometimes maintenance is required to keep your roof safe for your home.
Membrane: Large sheets fused at the joints to form a continuous surface. It is used on flat or nearly flat roofs to prevent leaks and is made from synthetic rubber, thermoplastic or modified butumen.
The cost of replacing your roofing material depends on what type of material you select, and also the contractor that you choose. Always pick a reputable contractor and request a quote before making any purchasing decisions.